Loan Servicing Glossary of Terms

A better understanding of key loan terms


Credit Disability Insurance (payment protection)
This separate policy covers payments on the loan it was purchased to protect, if the member becomes ill or injured.

Credit Life Insurance (payment protection)
This separate life insurance policy pays off a borrower's loan if the borrower dies.

CPI (Collateral Protection Insurance)
When a borrower takes out a loan for a vehicle at a lending institution, he or she normally signs an agreement to maintain dual-interest insurance, protecting both the borrower and the lender with comprehensive and collision coverage on the vehicle throughout the life of the loan. The borrower provides proof of insurance to the lender. If proof of insurance is not received, notices are sent to borrowers prompting them to obtain required coverage. If responses to notices are not received, the lending institution may choose to have CPI coverage “force-placed” on the borrower’s loan to protect its interest from damage or loss.

Escrow
In the context of mortgage loans, the financial institution establishes a separate escrow account to pay property tax and insurance during the term of the mortgage.

Escrow Analysis
The Annual Escrow Account Disclosure Statement provides detailed information regarding your escrow account. Any changes in your escrow payment and the reason(s) will be disclosed in your analysis.

GAP Insurance
Supplemental insurance covers the owner of the vehicle when the vehicle is damaged beyond repair or stolen. It is designed to fill in the gap between what you owe and the actual value of the vehicle claimed by your insurance company.

Lien
This is a form of security interest granted over an item or property to secure payment of debt.

Mortgage Satisfaction 
When a mortgage loan is paid in full, the mortgage is satisfied. The lender must then release its lien against the property within a reasonable time frame.

Power of Attorney 
A power of attorney (POA) or letter of attorney is a written authorization to represent or act on another's behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter. The person authorizing the other to act is the principal, grantor, or donor (of the power). The one authorized to act is the agent or attorney.

PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance) 
It is insurance to protect the lender in the event of borrower default. It is intended to offset losses in the case where a borrower is unable to repay the loan and the lender is unable to recover its costs after foreclosure and sale of the mortgaged property.

Subordination 
If you are refinancing your first mortgage and do not want to pay off your current second mortgage or pay off and close your Home Equity Line of Credit, you may request a subordination. Contact 7 17’s Real Estate Loan Department at 330-372-8120 for more information or assistance.